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featured management models

double loop learning: Argyris, Chris, Schön, Donald Alan
 

double loop learning

Argyris, Chris, Schön, Donald Alan

  • topic: change management, innovation & risk and org. design & development
  • period: 1978
Psychologist Chris Argyris and philosopher Donald Schön's intervention research focused on exploring the ways organisations can increase their capacity for double-loop learning. They argued that double-loop learning is necessary if organisations and its members are to manage problems effectively that originate in rapidly changing and uncertain contexts. Argyris...
 
six coordination mechanisms: Mintzberg, Henry
 

six coordination mechanisms

Mintzberg, Henry

  • topic: org. design & development
  • period: 1979
The Canadian academic, Henry Mintzberg, distinguished six coordination mechanisms from organisational design literature. Any group of individuals that needs to accomplish a complex task faces two opposing requirements: the division of labour of the task into subtasks to support specialisation, and the coordination of these subtasks to accomplish the overall...
 
five forces: Porter, Michael E.
 

five forces

Porter, Michael E.

  • topic: strategic management
  • period: 1980
Michael Porter's innovative research in the 1980's changed managers' perceptions of their own industry's importance as a factor for their company's strategy. Business unit managers would now have to study their industry's characteristics since an industry's structure determines its relative economic attractiveness and hence, the profit potential of all companies...
 
theory X & Y: McGregor, Douglas
 

theory X & Y

McGregor, Douglas

  • topic: change management, leadership & management and personnel management
  • period: 1960
The American psychologist, Douglas McGregor, studied leadership styles. McGregor argued that managers operate from their personal view of how employees function. He separated managers into two groups based on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. He related Theory X managers to lower order needs in the hierarchy and Theory Y managers to higher order needs. Theory...